As published on finance.yahoo.com, Wednesday 17 August, 2022.
Predictions of a decline in Hong Kong as a financial hub look premature, at least as far as offshore yuan debt deals are concerned.
Issuance in Hong Kong of corporate debt denominated in the offshore Chinese yuan has surged 45% to $21.7 billion so far this year, the most for the period since 2014, Bloomberg-compiled data show. Sales of so-called Dim Sum bonds have jumped as yuan borrowing costs are more attractive for issuers than US dollar rates, while for investors the notes often offer better yields than Mainland yuan debt.
That’s one piece of good news for the Hong Kong debt market, where dollar bond sales have plunged as Federal Reserve rate hikes push up US currency funding costs and China’s property woes cause investors to shun the debt of the nation’s high-yield issuers. Most of the Dim Sum bond issuers are from outside of China, and the increase in their sales is in line with Chinese policy makers’ drive to boost international use of the yuan.
Rising Dim Sum bond issuance “shows Hong Kong still plays a role as a link to the rest of the world and Mainland China in the financial market,” said Iris Pang, chief economist for Greater China at ING Groep NV.
Non-Chinese financial firms have dominated issuance of Dim Sum notes this year, led by Citigroup Inc. with $1.7 billion in deals, according to Bloomberg-compiled data.
The launch last year of the Southbound Bond Connect, a program that enables Mainland investors to access the offshore China market in Hong Kong, is also seen by analysts as supporting Dim Sum bond sales.
For issuers, selling the yuan bonds is a more cost-effective way to raise funds than dollar notes after the Fed’s aggressive rate increases caused US Treasury yields to overtake their Chinese equivalents. The yield on China’s onshore five-year sovereign bond was at 2.38% on Tuesday, compared with 2.66% in Hong Kong. Both were lower than the similar-maturity Treasury yield at 2.99%.
“We expect continued strong supply of Dim Sum bonds in the foreseeable future, given a further widening in rate differential for short-dated instruments for the rest of 2022, as the Fed is poised to hike further,” said Becky Liu, head of China macro strategy at Standard Chartered Bank.
Dim Sum bond sales are also growing because more issuers are raising funds with the notes and then swapping them for dollars, a cheaper method than directly selling dollar debt, and because of an increase in international trade that’s settled with yuan, Liu said.
The rebound in Dim Sum sales come as even Hong Kong’s top market regulator warned that the city’s development as an international financial center is at risk, due to years of political upheaval and a deepening isolation caused by its zero-Covid strategy.